Woodlands Junior Kent Tudor Homework
Britain has many old houses, as well as houses only a few days old. If you walk down a street in a town or city you could walk past Victorian, Tudor, Georgian and modern houses, all mixed together. But how can you tell when they were built?
In this section of our website we will show you the clues you need to know to identify how old a house is. We look mainly at the outside of houses, however, by doing this we can often tell much about what is inside a house too.
The purpose of a house has changed over the years especially the rooms inside.
If you could buy and design a house what rooms would you include? I bet you would have several rooms including one to cook in, sleep in, play in, wash in, a tv room, games room, a swimming pool, etc
You would expect your house to have running water, electricity, gas etc. You would want it to be warm in the winter, cool in the summer and keep you dry when it rains. You would also want it to be reasonably secure - large windows to let the sunlight in but the burglars out.
Your needs today are very different to people who lived in houses long ago.
Take for instance the Celtic family. They all lived in one room. In fact their house only consisted of one room and they sometimes brought in their animals too to keep them safe from predators.
I wonder what a Victorian gentleman would think of your list of rooms. Did you include rooms for your servants? A Victorian worker would be amazed at the number of toilets or bathrooms in your house. He would have had to share an outside toilet and one water pump with everyone else in his street!
Houses tell us something of the people who built them and of the times in which they lived. Sometimes we have to hunt for clues because over the years a house may have been added to or altered or its use change.
Use the links on the left to navigate around this section of our website
Find out about his Henry's six wives here
- Second son of Henry VII.
- Married Catherine of Aragon (Spanish), Anne Boleyn (English), Jane Seymore (English), Anne of Cleves (Flemish-Belgian), Catherine Howard (English), Catherine Parr (English).
- Three children
- Buried in Windsor Castle.
Henry Vlll is probably the most well known of the Tudor kings. He was a very selfish person and by the end of his life everyone was afraid of him, mainly because of his ruthless behaviour toward anyone who didn't agree with him.
See Henry Vlll timeline
Henry Vlll was born at Greenwich Palace, London on 28 June 1491 and was the second son of Henry Vll and Elizabeth of York (daughter of Edward lV). He became Prince of Wales and heir to the throne on the death of his elder brother, Prince Arthur, in 1502.
When did Henry become king?
He succeeded to the throne after his father's death on 21 April 1509. He was 17 years old when he became king.
Henry built fine palaces, and fought wars against France and Scotland.
Tall and thickset, with blue-grey eyes, short auburn hair and a beard.
Henry Vlll was handsome in his youth, but became bloated and fat (he had a 54-inch waist when he was 50).
He dressed lavishly, wearing a gold collar with a diamond as big as a walnut and many jewelled rings.
Henry Vlll brought religious upheaval to England. When he became king, most people belonged to the Catholic Church, which was headed by the Pope, in Rome. In 1534, Henry broke away from the Catholic Church and proclaimed himself head of the Church of England. The land and riches of the church became Henry's property and he sold off most of this land to dukes, barons and other noblemen.
Sport / Hobbies
Henry Vlll was a great athlete in his youth. Henry threw the javelin and enjoyed hunting, archery, jousting and tennis. He spoke French, Spanish, Latin and some Italian and was a good musician. Henry played the lute and harpsichord well and could sing from sight.
Henry Vlll lived at Hampton Court Palace in London.
Henry Vlll wanted a son to rule after him. He first married his brother's widow, Catherine of Aragon but divorced her when she did not produce a male heir to the throne. He married three times more before a son was born. In total he married six times!
Find out about his Henry's six wives here
How many children did Henry VIII have?
Henry Vlll had three children - Mary (by Catherine of Aragon), Elizabeth (by Anne Boleyn) and Edward (by Jane Seymour). Each became a monarch - Edward Vl, Mary l (or Mary Tudor) and Elizabeth l in that order.
His son, Edward Vl ruled for six years after Henry's death, he became King at age 9 and died at age 15. Henry's daughter Mary ruled for the next five years, but also died without children. Finally, Henry's last surviving child, Elizabeth I became Queen, and ruled for 45 years.
Henry died in St James's Palace, Westminster, around 2 am on Friday 28 January 1547, aged 55 years. His funeral procession to Windsor was four miles long. He was buried at Windsor Castle beside his third wife, Jane Seymour.
- King Henry Vlll, Henry's son, successfully united England and Wales under one system of government. The two countries were joined in 1536.
- Henry Vlll wanted a male heir, but his wife had not given birth to a son. Henry wanted to divorce her and take a new wife. The Roman Catholic Church refused to grant the divorce. In order to gain his divorce, Henry had to establish the Church of England and end Catholicism.
Henry passed a law in 1534 making himself head of the Church of England. This act allowed him to divorce his wife and led to the formation of the Protestant Church of England. The Protestant movement was known as the Reformation.
During Henry VIII's thirty-eight year reign, he had more than 70,000 people excuted. That works out as an average of just over five every day.
King Henry Vlll
King Henry VIII and the Tudors -
An interactive site. It's gruesome! There's some great gory pictures on the 'Wives' page so beware! Why did Henry have so many wives? Who was Mary Rose?
Henry's son, Edward became the next king.
Edward was the son of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour.
He was never a healthy King and died aged only 15 years.