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Othello Full Text Annotated Bibliography

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27Dent, R. W. Shakespeare's Proverbial Language: An Index. Berkeley: U of California P, 1981.

28Dessen, Alan C. Recovering Shakespeare's Theatrical Vocabulary. Cambridge, Cambridge UP, 1995.

29---, and Leslie Thompson. A Dictionary of Stage Directions in English Drama, 1580-1642. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1999.

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36Farjeon, Herbert. The Shakespearean Scene. London: Hutchinson, 1949.

37Floyd-Wilson, Mary. English Ethnicity and Race in Early Modern Drama. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2003.

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39Geneva Bible: A Facsimile of the 1560 Edition. Intro. Lloyd E. Berry. Madison: U of Wisconsin P, 1969.

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45---. Things of Darkness: Economies of Race and Gender in Early Modern England. Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1995.

46---. "'These Bastard Signs of Fair': Literary Whiteness in Shakespeare's Sonnets." Post-Colonial Shakespeares. Ed. A. Loomba and M. Orkin. London: Routledge, 1998.

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52---. ed. Othello. Arden 3 Shakespeare. Surrey: Nelson, 1997.

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57Johnson, Samuel, ed. Othello.The Plays of William Shakespeare. Vol. 8. London: J. and R. Tonson, 1765.

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59Jonson, Ben. Every Man Out of his Humour. Ed. Helen Ostovich. The Revels Plays. Manchester: Manchester UP, 2011.

60Kahn, Coppélia. Man's Estate: Masculine Identity in Shakespeare. Berkeley: U of California P, 1981.

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62Kolin, Philip C. "Blackness Made Visible: A Survey of Othello in Criticism, on Stage, and on Screen." Othello: New Critical Essays. London: Routledge, 2002. 1-87.

63Kugler, Emily M. N. Sway of the Ottoman Empire on English Identity in the Long Eighteenth Century. Brill's Studies in Intellectual History 209. Leiden, The Netherlands: Koninklijke Brill, 2012.

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65Loomba, Ania. Shakespeare, Race, and Colonialism. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2002.

66---. "Sexuality and Racial Difference." Critical Essays on Shakespeare'sOthello. Ed. Barthelemy, Anthony Gerard. New York: G. K. Hall, 1994. 162-86.

67Lupton, Julia Reinhard. Citizen-Saints: Shakespeare and Political Theology. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 2005.

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70- See more at: http://www.historytoday.com/brian-pullan/military-organization-renaissance-state-venice-1400-1617#sthash.rvsg2FSd.dpuf

71Malone, Edmond, ed. Othello. The Plays and Poems of William Shakespeare. Vol. 9. London: J. Rivington, et al. 1790; rpt. New York: AMS, 1968.

72Martyr, Peter. The Decades of the New World. Trans. Richard Eden. London: 1555.

73Massai, Sonia, ed. World-wide Shakespeares: Local Appropriations in Film and Performance. New York: Routledge, 2005.

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In Venice, at the start of Othello, the soldier Iago announces his hatred for his commander, Othello, a Moor. Othello has promoted Cassio, not Iago, to be his lieutenant.

Iago crudely informs Brabantio, Desdemona’s father, that Othello and Desdemona have eloped. Before the Venetian Senate, Brabantio accuses Othello of bewitching Desdemona. The Senators wish to send Othello to Cyprus, which is under threat from Turkey. They bring Desdemona before them. She tells of her love for Othello, and the marriage stands. The Senate agrees to let her join Othello in Cyprus.

In Cyprus, Iago continues to plot against Othello and Cassio. He lures Cassio into a drunken fight, for which Cassio loses his new rank; Cassio, at Iago’s urging, then begs Desdemona to intervene. Iago uses this and other ploys—misinterpreted conversations, insinuations, and a lost handkerchief—to convince Othello that Desdemona and Cassio are lovers. Othello goes mad with jealousy and later smothers Desdemona on their marriage bed, only to learn of Iago's treachery. He then kills himself.

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